Full Name: James Buchanan Jr.
Party: Democratic Party
Primarily known for: Panic of 1857, the Dred Scott Decision, the threat of civil war, the Covode Committee
D.O.B.: April 23, 1791
Birth state: Pennsylvania
State upon election: Pennsylvania
Previous career: Minister to the United Kingdom
Office start date: March 4, 1857
Office end date: March 4, 1861
Reason term ended: Not the Democratic nominee in 1860, which was also a splintered election due to the South declaring its own Democratic Party.
Succession number: 15
Describe in one (1) word: